Agricultural Policy of Serbia in Relation to Its EU Integration

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Agricultural Policy of Serbia in Relation to its EU Integration European Union, since its foundation, gave very much importance to cooperation in agricultural policies of the member states. Whether it is because the countries do not have enough agricultural production or their economies is based on agriculture and they seek a favorable market environment, policies on this area have always been on the top of the agenda. For establishing guidelines on agricultural integration and align member states’ policies, EU launched CAP, Common Agricultural Policy. In time, with the enlargement, CAP became more and more important since the southern and eastern countries began to hold a big share in both the common market and the budgetary distribution …show more content…
Measures were implemented to increase both quality and quantity of animal supply in the market. Competitiveness and efficiency of the farmers were increased, organic production is supported and most importantly, food is made available and affordable. CAP is funded from the EU budget whereas other policy areas are the responsibility of national governments. In 2012, CAP cost 45% of the overall EU budget (appr. 55 billion euros). It is called second generation after 1992 and the concern was in contrary having a big surplus, and protecting environment and sustainable use of resources. In this period, fundings were directed at fighting climate change, and technology and innovation for greater efficiency. Third generation of CAP, period after 2000, also have rural development included in CAP. Farmers became more market-oriented with small scale processing and thus, entrepreneurs. Objective now is to create a younger farmer population and the funding is spent on training and giving incentives. In 2007 EU reached 27 members and this brought twice the size of farmer population and much diversity in natural and production conditions to take into account. The future prospect of CAP proposal contains the accumulation of the former practices with adding compatible modifications for the diverse structure of the EU (European Commission, 2012).
Serbia’s Economic Background and relations with the EU It is important the study the country’s historical-economic

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