African - American Women in the Workplace: The Interwoven Effects of Gender & Race Discrimination

2662 Words 11 Pages
I. INTRODUCTION

In 1964, the Civil Rights Act was enacted to do away with much of the conspicuous discrimination that was going on in the American workplace. Despite this, discrimination in the workplace continues albeit in a more covert manner, making it very hard to diagnose and prescribe a solution. The 1964 Civil Rights Act was enacted to remove any form of discrimination against any persons because of their race, religion, sex, or national origin. In 1967, it was made illegal for employers to discriminate because of age and in 1990, Congress said employers could not discriminate because of ones disability. African Americans have suffered from workplace discrimination far more than any other demographic in the workforce; this can be
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It has been established and generally recognized that African Americans face racial bias in the workplace and that women face occupational disadvantages when compared to men. So, when talking about the plight of the African American female in the workplace it is important to recognize the duality of the discrimination they face in the workplace. African American women face occupational disadvantage based on their gender and on top of that, occupational disadvantage based on their race. When juxtaposed with their Caucasian counterparts, the unemployment rate for African American women is 14.1% and a mere 7.5% for white women. One study done by McGuire and Reskin in 1993 revealed that African American women were not treated the same for their skill sets when it came to the amount of power they held in their positions and wages they earned when compared to African American men, White women, or White men. Both African American women and men alike, experience negative attitudes directed towards them during daily work connections. In a 1993 study, a trio of researchers found that in a sample of nurse aides from three nursing homes, with African Americans being the most prevalent in the sample, that 77% of the nurses’ aides experienced large degrees of offensive language and behavior

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