Affirmative Action in College Admissions Essay examples

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Affirmative action has been a controversial topic ever since it was established in the 1960s to right past wrongs against minority groups, such as African Americans, Hispanics, and women. The goal of affirmative action is to integrate minorities into public institutions, like universities, who have historically been discriminated against in such environments. Proponents claim that it is necessary in order to give minorities representation in these institutions, while opponents say that it is reverse discrimination. Newsweek has a story on this same debate which has hit the nation spotlight once more with a case being brought against the University of Michigan by some white students who claimed that the University’s admissions policies …show more content…
For instance, “[in] the California higher education system, affirmative action based on race has been eliminated by popular referendum” (298).

The April 14, 2003 edition of Newsweek’s article titled “Michigan’s Day in Court” brings to light the controversy surrounding affirmative action. It claims that the case against the University of Michigan is the biggest case concerning affirmative action in 25 years. In 1978 the Supreme Court ruled, in what is known as the Bakke case, “that quotas and two-track admissions systems were unconstitutional, but upheld the vague notion of using race as one of many ‘plus’ factors in admissions.” In the Michigan case, three white students have brought the school to court over the fact that they believe the school accepted less-qualified minorities over themselves. They hope the court will put a ban on using race as a determining factor. As it stands right now, University of Michigan admits applicants using a 150-point system. Minorities and underprivileged people get an extra 20 points by default. The Michigan law school does not use this system; rather, it uses a “critical mass” system, where a critical mass of minorities must be admitted to the law program. This is now under fire for being much like a quota system, as a certain number of minorities must be admitted to the school, according to policy.

As affirmative action becomes another “right vs. left” political battle, some people do not buy either argument. One

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