Adolescent Substance Use Trends Patterns and trends of substance use among adolescents fluctuates from generation to generation. There are many factors related to the increased risk for substance experimentation. For example, generational substance use, poor parental monitoring, and low academic performance contribute to elevated risk for substance use (Allison, et al., 1999). Substances that have remained on the forefront for adolescent use and abuse include alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana (Hussey, Drinkard, Flannery).
Summary of Research Adolescent substance use has many facets including illicit drug use and alcohol and tobacco use. The most common illicit drug used by adolescents is marijuana (Murphey, Barry, Vaughn, Guzman &
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On one hand, according to Allison et al., maternal substance use has a loftier influence for the risk of adolescent drug experimentation (1999). On the other hand, Waldon, Iacono, and McGue find evidence supporting the paternal influence for substance use is greater especially regarding alcohol (2007). Overall, research suggests genetics influence the substance use by adolescents (Allison, et al., 1999; Walden, et al., 2007; Murphey, et al., 2013). Marijuana is the most commonly used illicit drug among adolescents; however, there is a wide range of illicit drugs and new or rediscovered drugs that pop up frequently among youth substance use (Murphey, et al., 2013). Drugs that are popular among teens, beyond alcohol, tobacco and marijuana, and have reported use within the last thirty days by high school seniors are: “amphetamines, inhalants, and hallucinogens (including ecstasy and LSD)” (Murphey, et al., 2013). Fourteen percent of youth surveyed in 8th grade, 10th grade, and 12th grade reported using marijuana within the last thirty days (Murphey, et al., 2013). One of the factors related to early exploration and experimentation with alcohol and drugs stems from poor parental monitoring (Allison, et al., 1999). Double earner households and single parenting supply youth with the necessary time and unavailability of parents to explore. Additional factors for the consideration of substance use among adolescents include