ADHD Analysis Essay

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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental syndrome of self-control which leads to problems related to attention span, impulse control, and activity level (Barkley). ADHD is considered by the American Psychiatric Association (APA) to be a developmentally inappropriate attention and/or hyperactivity and impulsivity so enveloping and constant as to drastically interfere with the person’s everyday life (Reiff). ADHD is considered a chronic mental disorder that starts early in childhood and follows the individual into adulthood (Connors). The symptoms associated with ADHD usually effect social, educational and occupational functioning throughout multiple settings (Connors). Even though ADHD is considered a widespread …show more content…
So far the most researched causes for ADHD are: (1) an accent that lead to brain injury or abnormal brain development (brain trauma, disease, fetal exposure to alcohol or tobacco, and early exposure to large amounts of lead), (2) if there is diminished brain activity in certain regions, and (3) heredity (Barley).
Research puts a heavy emphasis on heredity and its possibility to be the determinate of discovering why a person may develop ADHD (Wender). Genes are researched to study whether or not a person is more likely to develop this learning disorder (NIMH.org). Those with the disorder inherit abnormal chemical functioning with the brain from their family (Wender). ADHD children as they grow from infancy to preadolescence, show differences that tend to be associated with behavioral problems as they grow-up (Wender). A child who has ADHD is probably going to show signs of difficulties in infancy (colic, feeding problems, sleeping problems) because of the temperamental differences they hold (Wender). These temporal differences are possible due to chemical variation in the brain and part of the individual’s genetic makeup (Wender). It is not unexpected that ADHD is genetic; it is common that particular types of temperament run in families (Wender).

Place: Many studies have measured the amount of brain activity in those who have ADHD and have discovered there to be lower amounts of activity in the frontal area than for normal people (Barkley).

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