Aborigines in Australia Essay example
The process of colonization by European powers, as might be expected, has had a radical effect on …show more content…
Even after Australia was declared independent in 1901, Aborigines continued to be marginal to the new nation and were barred from becoming citizens by the 1902 Australian Constitution. Using the notion of racial supremacy, and showing the inferiority of the Aboriginal race in the settler's eyes. Citizenship was granted to Aborigines only following a national referendum in 1967.
Attempts have been made by the Australian government to protect Aboriginal culture, beginning in the late 1920s with the creation of special reserves; this is when the notion of paternalism came into play. Aborigines are now officially recognized as Australian citizens, and since 1948 a policy of assimilation has been pursued. Some Aborigines, however, fear that assimilation will result in a total loss of Aboriginal cultural identity, and opt instead for integration, insisting on maintaining their native identity as distinct from becoming 'Australians'.
Based upon such ethnocentric values and beliefs - from an allegedly 'enlightened' people - colonists began to establish and implement a racist and heretical view of Christianity. They firmly believed that there was no hope of salvation without the elimination of