A History of Nuclear Weapons Essay

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Though most people have never thought much about it, mankind nearly became extinct in a war that had no actual fighting; this war got the name the Cold War (SV; SV). The Cold War was the building tension between the United States and the Soviet Union some years following WWII. Nuclear weapons had a substantial influence on the Arms Race during the Cold War. At its peak, the two super-powers had enough nuclear weapons to kill everyone on Earth! Though the Cold War had many different aspects during the stockpiling of weapons, the most influential was the invention of nuclear weapons.
Nuclear Weapons research started in the United States with the creation of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan Project was started when a scientist from the UK
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With the extreme power of these weapons, both sides tried to create defenses to the potential attacks on their countries. The United States took the first step in 1983 with what is now called the Star Wars program. Star Wars was an idea that we could send a satellite into space that would shoot lasers into either the nuclear warheads or the fuel systems of Inter-continental ballistic missiles, diffusing them in space rather than causing us harm. This program was dropped in the early 1990s when it became evident that the technology to do such a thing was not yet invented (Jameson). The Soviet Union was never far behind the United States with nuclear technology; but, the majority of their research and testing was done behind closed doors and never revealed to the public (SV; coordinating conjunction, SV.)
The Soviet Union, to the surprise of the United States, had their first successful test of a nuclear weapon on August 29, 1949. The United States was shocked because their intelligence had showed only the beginnings of research on nuclear warfare, thinking they were nowhere near a…

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