A Comparison of Warfare of Between The Ancient Egyptian and Hittites

3517 Words 15 Pages
“The art of war is of vital importance to the state. It is a matter of life and death, a road to either safety or ruin. Hence it is the subject of inquiry which can on no account be neglected” by Sun Tzu by of Sun Tzu’s philosophy on warfare in 400-320 B.C. echoes back across time, when the ancient world was being shaped and carved by war.
Two ancient world superpowers the Egyptians and Hittites were in a struggle for dominance in the ancient Middle East, with control of the lucrative trade routes the key to supremacy. Their art of warfare; military technology, strategy and tactics collide and the fate of their empires, lie solely on the outcome of a single confrontation which has become known as The Battle of Kadesh in 1274 BC. It is
…show more content…
This is detailed in the archive of state correspondence known as the “Amarna Letters”. Besides details of the problems confronting city-states of Syria, Palestine, the letters enumerate the players in the armor and weapons of the international arms trade.” As a result of the Egyptians self imposed arms trade isolationism, their military prowess became obsolete. (Lloyd, 2007) .” (Morkot, 2003, p. xl)

This attitude proved to be fatal for the Egyptians as it made them target for acquisition and in 1650 B.C. The Hyksos, invaders from the northern city-states of Canaan and Syria, easily conquered the Egyptians, who’s fighting tactics and weapons were a thousand years outdated. The Egyptian’s copper spear tips and edged weapons, simple bows with a target range of 3 to 6 feet, and stone mace was no match for the Hyksos’ chariot warfare, bronze edged weapons, compound bow that could hit a target at1312.34 feet, and metal protective body gear. The Egyptians for nearly 80 years were ruled by the Hyksos, only driving them out after a 30 year long rebellion. This was a crucial event in triggering the development of the weapons of war that the Egyptians would need in order to expand and secure their power in the Middle East. The Egyptians improved and assimilated the Hyksos’ weapons into their military arsenal. (Richard Gabriel, 2010)
The Hittites first settled in central Anatolia in the middle Bronze Age, 2,000 -1550 BC,

Related Documents