A Case of Ethiopian Water Sector Reform Essay

2770 Words 12 Pages
For the last years, Ethiopia experienced a number of reform from the ''traditional public administration'' to ''New Public Management (NPM) approaches'' which promoted the participation of various actors (Milward and Provan, 2000).
...... ''In 1974, the Derg regime comes to power, and central government extends reach to community level through the Peasant Associations (PA), established as lowest administrative units. PA boundaries were based on ethnic boundaries, legitimizing clan-based claims to resources......
In 1991, Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) (1991-present) comes to power, introducing a decentralization policy with emphasis on participation in development planning. Water becomes regional
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This resulted in radical reforms that supported the participation of civil society institutions and formal and informal non-state actors in the delivery of services. This in turn, facilitated a programmatic approach development to increase aid efficiency concurrently with decentralisation. The ruling party, EPRDF (1991- present), established several reforms like economic and policies reforms to realize economic development. The reform emphasises especially on poverty reduction, agro-industrialization and privatization areas (Keller, E. J. (2002).
Using Kemerik et.al (2012) and (CAR and PE) frameworks, this essay makes an effort to investigate how a shift in policy promotes change in water governance. It also analyses the interaction between various actors, the nature of interaction of politics and economical phenomena. It also looks at institutional and organizational shift at different levels regarding public service delivery, governance in terms of state capability, accountability and responsiveness and also some challenges associated with the sector reform

2. Frameworks for Analysis
In order to comprehend minor and major governance shifts in water service delivery of Ethiopia, I run through about the nature of water governance of previous governments including the Derg regime (1974-1991) and the current ruling party (EPRDF) (1991-present). This is done by reviewing of

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