A Theory Based Evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Essay

2778 Words Jan 17th, 2013 12 Pages
ASSIGNMENT:

‘A theory based evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy’

The purpose of this essay is to provide a theory based evaluation of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). The first part of this essay will concentrate on defining CBT including a brief description of its derived history and the therapies that have contributed to its development. I will then move on to review the tools used in the four step process of CBT (assessment, formulation, intervention and evaluation). I will also incorporate how my learning of theoretical concepts relates to my work based practice.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is a psychotherapeutic approach that aims to solve problems concerning with dysfunctional emotions, behaviours and
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The media for example could do this through advertising. This could be particularly damaging for vulnerable and young individuals, for example they may believe that they must look or behave in a certain way which could be damaging to themselves and/or society (e.g. youths - ‘hoodies’, anorexic – loose more weight).

Although it has been argued that the early work of behavioural approaches were successful in treating many neurotic disorders, they had little success in treating depression (Clark et al 1997). Whereas behaviour therapy sees behaviour as learnt which can therefore be unlearned, in contrast the psychodynamic approach sees behaviour to be governed by repressed unconscious thought and by the ego’s attempt to deal with psychic conflicts which is caused by day to day life. Person Centred Therapy sees human behaviour to be ‘motivated by an innate drive towards growth and wholeness. Disturbed behaviour is seen as an indication that growth is blocked either through lack of awareness or distorted perception, or both’ (Hough, 2002, p158). It would appear that Behaviour Therapy does not allow time for growth, which in turn leads to the client’s lack of deeper understanding into their problems.

I will now go on to discuss Cognitive Therapy. Beck’s model of Cognitive Therapy is agued to be one of the most influential CBT models (Wills, 2006). It was in the 1960’s that he developed his approach which

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