Essay on A Brief Description of Sickle Cell Anemia

1181 Words May 16th, 2013 5 Pages
Adams 1

Dwayne Adams
Instructor: Croshaw
Medical Terminology 1
18, April 2013
Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle-cell Anemia is a genetic blood disorder caused by the presence of an abnormal form of hemoglobin molecules in which the red blood cells loose their disc-shape and become crescent shaped. The shape also known as “hemoglobin S”. unlike normal red cells which are usually smooth and malleable, tend to collect after releasing oxygen, and cannot squeeze through small blood vessels. The organs are then deprived of blood and oxygen. The basic life-span of an affected cell is generally from 1.5 to about 3 weeks, which represents approximately 10% to 20% of a normal cell's life. Because they cannot be replaced fast enough, the
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In certain severe cases, surgery for eye problems, treatment for overuse or abuse of narcotic pain medicines, and wound care for leg ulcers have been necessary. At other times depending on severity, bone marrow or stem cell transplants have been performed to cure sickle cell anemia, but are normally not options for most patients. Sickle cell anemia patients are often unable to find well-matched stem cell donors.

Although there are a wide range of medical generalists and specialists, clinics, and agencies that can treat the various areas regarding Sickle-cell disease, personal education concerning its ramifications are advised. People with sickle cell disease must reduce their risk of infections. This includes receiving certain vaccinations, among which are Haemophilus influenzae vaccine (Hib), Pneumococcal conjugate, and polysaccharide vaccine. At different times other procedures may be found to be beneficial including common lab tests such as CBC and retic counts, blood chemistry values, urinalysis and urine protein, Ferritin, and hemoglobin electrophoresis.

After any general battery of test may come the necessity for different therapies to further

combat any progression. Some effective are fluid therapy consisting of glucose, and or water, Transfusion therapy, Chelation therapy for iron removal,

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