Zitkala Analysis

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V. Little by little, Zitkala Ša consciously and unconsciously changes into a tamer individual, one that is generally less happy. After seeing a depiction of the devil for the first time, Zitkala Ša has a dream. She describes this dream, noting, “Once again I seemed to be in my mother’s cottage. An Indian woman had come to visit my mother” (94). Here, she describes a visitor in her home as “Indian” using the white term for her race. Why would Zitkala Ša, a Native American herself, call the woman by this distinction and not her tribe or dress? It seems very odd, but shows insight on to the changes that Zitkala Ša is internally going through. She no longer views herself as truly wild or free like the other Native Americans, or as she now calls them, Indians. Identifying away from the culture she was born in to is a huge jump that was made gradually through her few weeks of education. This proves ultimately to be a problem once it is time for Zitkala Ša to return home.
VI. Home with her tribe no longer feels like home to Zitkala Ša, and she has trouble reconnecting like she once did. Upon arrival home Zitkala Ša remarks, “Even nature seemed to
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White settlers educated Native Americans for decades, teaching them their values and ideals, pulling them away from their native culture. This left these Native Americans like Zitkala Ša torn between the two sides, divided in belief. Their lives lost meaning as they had no place to call home and contribute to society. Zitkala Ša wrote this memoir to highlight these faults, and eventually became a teacher herself to attempt to fix them. Her audience for this polished novel is the Caucasian population. She writes this piece to make a statement and outwardly declare that they’re wrong. Wrong in the sense that they should continue to be cruel to this group. Wrong in the sense that they should continue to deprive these innocent people of their cultural identity. Wrong in the sense that they should sit idly by while this

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