Zero Tolerance Policing Analysis

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During the Anglo-Saxon period, every person within the community was made responsible for ‘maintaining law and order’ according to (Villiers 2009 p.33). They had a duty to maintain the Kings peace; this resulted in citizens being able to arrest offenders if it was necessary; all of the citizens carrying out this duty were unpaid. After this, the old policing system was put in place which meant every citizen had to work as a constable for a one year period. Again the citizens were unpaid, had no uniform and the job role became unpopular. Sir Robert Peel, in 1829, created the first police force which consisted of 17 metropolitan divisions based in London. The new policing system was originally controlled by two policing commissioners called …show more content…
Unlike Community policing, it is a reactive response to crime. Zero tolerance policing is collated with 'full and complete enforcement of all criminal violations. This includes minor crimes and major crime, this could range from public disorder crimes to burglary. Zero tolerance policing is traced back to the style of policing which was implemented by the Mayor of New York, Rudolph Giuliani, and William Bratton his first crime commissioner in 1994. As stated by the BBC News website, zero tolerance policing was first used in the United Kingdom in the King 's Cross area within London, Middlesbrough, Hartlepool and …show more content…
Also Wilson and Kelling (1982) state that in the 1980 's Zero Tolerance policing was launched due to the 'broken windows ' thesis. Essentially, the broken windows theory is a metaphor regarding a house with a broken window, if it is left broken it portrays a lack of care for the house, which would then cause more windows to be broken. Or in other words a minor effecting one area, "such as broken windows, graffiti or abandoned cars" (Joyce, 2010: p.75) then leading to more serious crimes. Kelling and Cole (1998: 8) believe that once social control has gone, it results in "an invitation to perpetrators of serious

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