World History Multiple Choice Test Essay

2626 Words Dec 9th, 2013 11 Pages
Chapter 19 Early Latin America

Multiple Choice
1.

Which of the following was a NOT characteristic of Iberian society?
a.
b.

Absence of slaveholding traditions

c.

Emphasis on nobility

d.

Emphasis on patriarchal ideals

e.
2.

Heavy urbanization

Patriarchal families

How was the commercial experience of the Portuguese extended to the Americas?
a.

b.

The Portuguese were responsible for the use of galleys in the Atlantic passage

c.

The Portuguese experience in Africa and their involvement in slave trading was extended to the Americas

d.

The Portuguese introduction of tobacco estate agriculture into the Caribbean was a significant factor in American colonization

e.
3.

The Portuguese
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Silver imports

14. Which of the following Indian institutions was retained by the Spanish to serve European administrative purpose?
a.

Native American religion

b.

The priestly class

c.

The Indian nobility

d.

The Aztec emperor

e.

Inca warriors

15. Why were the encomiendas discontinued by the 1620’s?
a.

The Spanish crown was unwilling to see the growth of a new nobility and the decline of the
Indian population made them less attractive to descendants of conquerors

b.

The Indians refused to continue to serve under the imperial conditions established in the
1500s and demanded a new arrangement with the Spanish crown

c.

Despite the continued economic prosperity of the encomienda system, the Spanish crown discontinued them in order to establish a free labor system in the Americas

d.

The viceroys of the American colonies ordered their abolition in favor of enslavement of the
Indian population

e.

As new land became scarce, existing encomiendas were divided among owners

16. The colonial governments replaced the labor of the encomienda with Indian labor extracted through local officials. Such forced labor was called the
a.

Consulado

b.

Mita

c.

Obrajes

d.

Peninsulares

e.

Obreros

17. Which of the following statements most accurately describes the nature of the economy in Spanish
America?
a.

The majority of people in Latin America were rapidly organized into a

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