Women In Still Earning Less By Mary Ann Mason

1136 Words 5 Pages
Over the year’s women’s rights have increased as more women begin to speak up and demand more. As gentrification continues to expand and cities begin urbanizing, the need for money and resources increase. Although urbanization is considered a positive thing in society, in reality it brings more harm than it does good. As markets begin expanding, so does their demand for new workers. Hundreds of new jobs are created each day, but as good as that sounds, these new jobs as well as current ones begin having problems. By the end of War World II, there was a big shift when it came to women in the workforce. The war needed men to fight, as a result, women were forced to take the male role in the workplace. As women began working, they started to unionize …show more content…
Most people aim towards STEM fields since those occupations have higher wages. The problem with STEM fields is that it is male dominated. In “Still Earning Less” by Mary Ann Mason, Mason discusses how even though more women are working they still continue to be directed towards low paying jobs, so non-STEM fields. Although women are earning more degrees than man, their degrees are from female dominated occupations, such as sociology or visual arts. Mason argues that from an early age women are being pushed away from STEM fields, young girls are being taught how to be hair stylist instead of engineers. As a result, women lean towards more safe and low paying jobs with inadequate working policies. This education segregation is what leads to gender inequality in the workplace. Even if employers allow more women into their occupations, women are not properly educated nor trained for those jobs which prevents them from becoming primary breadwinners like …show more content…
As Trond Petersen and Laurie A. Morgan discuss in their article titled “The Within-Job Gender Wage Gap” there are many forms of discrimination that produce wage differences. One form is allocative discrimination, this form of discrimination assigns women into occupations that pay low wages. For example, women are more likely to get hired as day care workers than college professors. Another form is valuative discrimination, where the occupations held by women are valued less than those held by men. There is also within-job discrimination where occupations pay women less than men even though they work together. Women are putting in a lot of effort in order to be seen as equal to men, however they are constantly faced with challenges in their workplace. These forms of discrimination can otherwise be overt, meaning visible to everyone, or covert, which is hidden and unknown. Occupations held by women have lower wages because employers believe that if a woman can do the job than it is not as tough as it seems. Everything a woman does, no matter how great of an accomplishment it may be, it will never be as valuable as it would if it was done by a

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