Women in Development and Gender and Development Essay

1396 Words Feb 15th, 2013 6 Pages
Question
a)Compare and contrast WID and Gad approaches to involvement of women in development.{12}
b)Which of the two approaches have contributed more to the involvement of women in development activities?{8}
a)According to Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia,Women in development (WID) is an approach to development projects that emerged in the 1970s ,calling for treatment of women’s issues in development projects. Later ,the Gender and Development (GAD) approach proposed more emphasis on gender relations rather than seeing women’s issues in isolation.
Reeves,H. and Baden,S.(2000:33) stated that the WID approach calls for greater attention to women in development policy and
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* WID highlights the fact that women need to be integrated into development processes as active agents if efficient and effective development is to be achieved. It has also encouraged research and debate on women issues.

Limitations * The benefits of ‘modernization’ do not, in fact, trickle down automatically or equally. Furthermore the approach focuses on integration of women into ongoing development strategies. This often entails the acceptance of existing social structures that perpetuate inequalities. * The approach tends to focus heavily on the productive aspects of women’s work, overlooking the burden of social and reproductive functions. It should also be noted that women’s issues tend to be increasingly relegated to marginal programmes and isolated projects (Gender! A Partnership of Equals, 2000). * The approach does not challenge gender relations and assumes that these will change, as women become economic partners in development. * WID views women as being outside the mainstream of development and yet women are already playing a crucial part in development, for example, in the domestic and agriculture spheres. Boserup ,E.(1970:1) brought greater attention to the importance of women's role in agricultural economies and the lack of alignment of development projects with this reality. In the preface to her book, Boserup wrote that "in the vast and ever-growing literature on economic

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