Essay Women and Heart Disease

1861 Words Aug 11th, 2014 8 Pages
Women and Heart Disease

Coppin State University

Abstract
Heart disease is a leading cause of death for women and men worldwide. Women are more vulnerable to myocardial infarction because of the size of their coronary arteries. They have unique risk factors such as a high level of cholesterol, hypertension, and smoking that cause heart disease, which leads to the high mortality rate. To reduce the high mortality rate among women, nurses must play their roles as educators because they interact frequently with patient, moreso than any other health care workers. Nurses must educate their patients on how to prevent the risk factors of heart disease. In order to reduce the high mortality rate due to MI in women, the Obama
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In this paper, I will be discussing women’s health as it relates to myocardial infarction, the implications of the high mortality rate in women with myocardial infarction, nurse education for preventing heart disease, the impacts of Obama Care in the prevention of heart disease, and how I would address the issue of heart disease as a future nurse.
Women’s Health as it Relates to Myocardial Infarction According to Eischeid and Loeb (2009), about 267,000 women die yearly due to myocardial infarction (MI), 9,000 are younger than 45. Women's mortality rate due to myocardial infarction is high because, “women typically have smaller coronary arteries and frequently have plague that breaks off and travels into the small vessels to form an embolus (clot)” (Ignatavicius and Workman, 2013 pg. 829). Despite this high mortality rate, most women are unaware that heart disease is the leading cause of death for women. Most women delay seeking help from their primary care doctor due to the atypical nature of MI symptoms that they experience. This delay in risk identification is the most important reason for the high mortality rates of MI in women. Most people think of chest pain as the only sign of MI. But, unfortunately, “women are more likely to present with atypical symptoms such as fatigue, sleep disturbance, shortness of breath, back pain, upper abdominal or epigastric pain, and nausea with or without vomiting” (Eischeid and Loeb, 2009)

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