Wimmer And Perner And The Unexpected Transfer Test Experiment

1387 Words 6 Pages
Register to read the introduction… His mother put some chocolate into a blue cupboard, and then when Maxi has left the kitchen, she moves the chocolate into the green cupboard. When Maxi comes back wanting some chocolate, the children are asked which cupboard Maxi will look in for the chocolate. The results of this test showed that children age 3-4 generally failed the test and pointed to the actual position of the chocolate, failing to understand that Maxi didn’t know where the chocolate was even though they did, suggesting that children at this age are not capable of a theory of mind. Results changed significantly for children aged 4-5, when the majority of children pointed at the cupboard where Maxi thought the chocolate was. This is therefore consistent with the assumption that children develop a theory of mind around the age of 4 . However, certain problems arise with this task, the main one being that the story is told with dolls, suggesting that children may take the story …show more content…
In this task children were shown a tube of sweets and asked to tell the experimenter what they thought would be inside it, to which the children replied ‘sweets’. After this they were shown that the content of the tube was in fact pencils. They were then asked to predict what they thought another child would say was inside the tube, to which most children under the age of 4 would then reply ‘pencils’, where older children understood that the other children would experience a false belief and replied ‘sweets’. This test once again supported the theory of mind where children will acknowledge other people’s beliefs around the age of 4

Related Documents