President Woodrow Wilson Argumentative Essay

1194 Words 5 Pages
The United States’ decision to enter World War I was initially met with negative public opinion. The sheer diversity of the U.S. population made it impossible to support the effort. President Woodrow Wilson, who also wanted to be “neutral in fact as well as in name”, originally hoped to influence the postwar arrangements between the belligerents. However, he was compelled by German attacks on American people and the country’s integrity, leading him to ask Congress for a declaration of war against Germany. The Germans had dishonored previous agreements and they had provoked the United States with threats to take away land the country had rightfully gained. Though the public was against the war, Wilson felt he needed to intervene in the war …show more content…
During the war, Britain imposed a naval blockade on the Central Powers in order to prevent important resources. Though this was seen as a violation of American neutrality, the economic benefits to this blockade increased American trade with the Allies fourfold. However, an effect of this trade relationship were the massive loans U.S. banks had given to the Allies, totaling almost 2.5 billion dollars. This set up economic warfare between Germany and America, in which Americans would favor the Allied Powers in terms of giving financial aid. Had the Allies lost, they would have defaulted on these loans, resulting in calamitous losses for American companies. As the president, Wilson was required to protect the industry and the livelihood of Americans, justifying his position on joining the war. Similar to the situation with unrestricted submarine warfare, the threat Germany posed to the economy also supported the cause for a world “safe for democracy”. First, since the Allied Powers were commercial allies, German control of the sea limited free commerce. Furthermore, the threat of a German victory, as previously stated, would result in the failed repayment of debts. Britain and France would not be able to pay back their debts while under German rule, which again violates the foundation of freedom in democracy. Wilson had to make sure that the large debt would be repaid, and a German victory would most certainly have quashed this necessity, justifying him involving America in the

Related Documents