Wildlife Case Study

2335 Words 10 Pages
Diseases affect both human and animal populations. The epidemic is worse in a wildlife case scenario. This is because the animals are scattered in the wild. It is hard to account for the infected animals. Furthermore, it is even harder to avail treatment to the infected animals. Wildlife is very important to our ecosystem. Besides, they are a tourist attraction. Therefore, wildlife must be protected from extinction. Australia continent is very famous for koalas. Koalas are very popular in Australia continent. In fact, they are the only surviving members of the Phascolarctidae family. They are also related distantly to wombats. These animals evolved from an extinct marsupial wombat-like ancestor. Initially, there existed around …show more content…
It affects the ocular, urogenital and respiratory sections. For the ocular section, mild conjunctivitis or complete blindness is likely to be observed in the affected animals. Cystitis, prostatitis, cysts and bladder infections occur in the urogenital section of the infected koalas. Rhinitis, pneumonia, cough and sneezing indicate an infected respiratory section. However, urinary tract infections are more common in female koalas. The infection may result into severe inflammation of the upper reproductive area, which causes sterility in some cases. These infections are prevalent and if not treated they cause death. . Some koalas may not show the symptoms when infected. In such cases, detailed laboratory diagnosis is required to prevent further infection.
Chlamydia prevalence
The disease is rampant among kolas in Queensland and New South Wales. There are two types of chlamydia infections. They include Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia pneumonia (Fukushi). The prevalence of Chlamydia pecorum was about twenty-five percent and forty-one percent in Victorian populations (Patterson). However, Chlamydia pneumonia is not as common as C.pecorum. Chlamydia pecorum is associated with various diseases. They include urinary tract infections and other urogenital conditions.
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The interferon gamma gene (IFN-g) clearly indicates why koalas are vulnerable to the infection. The gene is responsible for controlling the same type of infection in other animals and human beings. According to a recent research, women who tested positive for the gene had a less likelihood of experiencing chlamydial infection as compared to those who tested negative. This gene is not dominant in the (deoxyribonucleic acid) DNA structure of the koalas. This makes them vulnerable to chlamydia and other diseases. However, some koalas have a higher expression of the gene. These koalas are likely to survive the disease. A research team conducted a molecular test to determine the koalas with higher survival

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