Essay on Why Water Shortages Caused By Ancient Rome And Ancient China

1607 Words Oct 29th, 2016 7 Pages
Human beings have inhabited this planet for numerous years, yet anything resembling modern civilizations did not appear until approximately 10,000 to 16,000 years ago. The beginning of this period marks when agriculture started to become a part of our societies (Hassan 2014). Yet where did this sudden itch for progression result in the direction of agriculture In the following proposition we will explore why water shortages, a need for water, and flooding in ancient times were key factors in the progression of human civilizations. Ancient Rome and ancient China will be ideal examples of this due to their distance in both time historically and distance from each other geographically. In this way, there will be a more thorough understanding of a global transition. We will use these two civilizations to show how a deficiency, need, or excess for water has not only motivated human beings to progress, but also allowed us to progress. Within 1250 and 900 BP (Cohen 2011), hunter and gatherer communities in China began to form sedentary villages. Around this time, the world “experienced frequent climatic oscillations” (Hassan 2014) and, thus, local climates were experiencing major changes. In what was to become known as China, these changes allowed agriculture to emerge and take root in advantageous societies. While late Paleolithic sites are found in many regions, "it is in the river drainages of the lowest “step” (sea level to 1,000 m) that hunter-gatherers first became…

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