Essay on Why Was Britain The First Nation?
The Industrial Revolution took place from the late 18th century onwards in Britain. It was the
fundamental change which allowed society to develop into the modern economic system that is is
today. The change of men to machines meant a middle class was created, and Britain flourished into
a more complex, rich and successful country. It is of much historical debate as to why Britain
industrialised before other countries, with many of them not seeing industrialisation occur until the
latter half of the 19th century. There were many things that made Britain unique to other
countries, inside and outside the Empire, which are considered to be responsible for the rapid
industrial process which took place in this time period. Different factors need to be considered to
understand why Britain industrialised first, and which was most important.
The British Empire and trade market is considered to be an important factor in the speed in which Britain industrialised. With strong steamships now existing to allow trade between countries, Britain had become “the first trading nation of the world.”1 This strong secure market between her Empire made exports and imports much more accessible. One historian wrote “Domestic imports almost tripled in the twenty years after 1784. Imports, stimulated by the massive increase in demand for textile raw materials, particularly cotton, more than doubled.”2Britain 's geographical…