Why Is Society The Way It Is Today? Essay

1751 Words Jul 20th, 2016 null Page
Why is society the way it is today? Most will say, “Because of history.” Yes that is correct, but why? Society is the way it is today because of influential beliefs, and philosophers who portrayed and evolved these beliefs. Of these philosophers, the ones being studied are Niccolo Machiavelli, John Locke, and Karl Marx. While Machiavelli believed that the kings and monarchs should have all control over the people, Locke and Marx believed in the opposite. Locke and Marx believed in human reason, while Machiavelli did not. This is the major difference between Machiavelli, Locke, and Marx. Marx and Locke had very similar beliefs, but differed in some ways. Machiavelli set the precedent for societal beliefs, then followed Locke who completely countered Machiavelli’s beliefs, and last was Marx, who agreed with Locke, but expanded and evolved his ideas. Locke and Marx believe in human reason, which is the belief that all man is born equal. Not only is equality a major factor of human reason, but living peacefully amongst one another is another. A peaceful world is attainable through Locke and Marx’s beliefs of human reason because society is remaining equal and creating their own equal opportunities. Contrary to Locke and Marx’s beliefs, Machiavelli believes that the Prince and Monarch’s should have absolute power over the citizens. He expanded on this in his book The Prince, which basically stated all the necessary rulings of the Prince and how to be successful. The difference…

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