Was Germany To Blame For World War I?

1387 Words 6 Pages
Thesis Statement:
Although Germany played a minor role in escalating the World War 1 by developing technologies that caused massive destruction and casualties, to a great extent, Germany should not be blamed for expanding the war because they had no intentions in involving others countries into the war as countries entered with their own motives and Germany’s unrestricted submarine warfare was simply a precautious and a final attempt to attack the British naval blockade and stop its supplies from other countries.

Body Paragraph #1:
One way Germany should be blamed for escalating the war is because their advancement in science and technology led to massive destruction and death of both civilians and soldiers. Among the sparks that ignited
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As the war grew inevitable, it resulted in the formation of an alliance system with Germany and Austria-Hungary being the primary Central Powers and Great Britain, France, Russia and Japan being the primary Allied Powers. This rivalry was fueled by the competition for materials, markets, and disputes which forced the countries to expand their land or sphere of influence, in which a power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges. For example, Japan issued an ultimatum to Germany asking them to remove their warships from Japanese water but what goes unnoticed is that they have always had a political desire to extend their sphere of influence in China and show their power to the world. The ultimatum even requests that they “deliver on a date not later than September 15th, to the Imperial Japanese authorities, without condition or compensation, the entire leased [China’s] territory of Kiao-Chau...” (Tribunal Student Note-taking Handout). Furthermore, Britain was forced to enter the war when Germany was about to pass through Belgium because they saw it as a big threat as Belgium's ports were close to the British and they had promised to defend Belgium under the Treaty of London of 1839 (Tribunal Student Note-taking Handout). From the examples above, it is evident that Japan entered the war for …show more content…
Towards the end of the war, Britain resorted to a naval blockade that restricted trade killing several German civilians and impeding the German army’s progress. This caused malnourishment starting from the winter of 1916, riots in Austria and eventually, actual starvation in many places. Germans, trapped by the situation, declared an unrestricted submarine warfare in 1917 in which all ships, merchant or military would be attacked by German U-boats (iwm.org.uk). But along with it, they also issued a notice to all countries warning them that “any vessels flying the flag of Great Britain or her allies are liable to destruction in the waters.” Furthermore, when Lusitania was sunk by the German U-boats, 173 tonnes of munitions were found (Tribunal Student Note-taking Handout). As shown above, to end the malnourishment, riots, and starvation that sprouted among the central powers Germany had to retaliate and their response was to start the unrestricted submarine warfare. When Lusitania, a British ocean liner left the American harbor, it was carrying 173 tonnes of munitions. Since it was a British ship, it must have been carrying it to aid the

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