Why Did The Confederacy Lost The Civil War Analysis

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Gary W. Gallagher introduces his book by stating propositions made by other historians, along with their arguments and sources, as to why the Confederacy lost the Civil War. Most of these arguments pointed to lack of desire, or commitment for independence. These historians made their proposals by working backwards from the surrender of the South to the beginning of war. Gallagher’s argument is that a majority of citizens in the Confederacy had the will and determination to fight for independence to the bitter end. He applies doubt in arguments made by other historians by pointing out misconceptions about the lack of support based on a few primary sources, such as the diary by Marry Chesnut. Although these are the go to primary sources, …show more content…
Why did the Confederates not fight more of a defensive war? Why was Robert E. Lee so determined to fight a Confrontational war? Lastly, when losses became so great, why did the South not move to a guerrilla war? The first two answers were defined by Grady McWhiney and Perry D. Jamieson as Southern pride and culture (Gallagher 121). Southern citizen’s desires were for General Lee to take the war to the enemy. The Richmond Dispatch signified the South’s “public mind” as “restless, and anxious…” that wanted Lee to push forward (Gallagher 128). Lee became the George Washington of the South with his great victories in the Seven Days conflict and Chancellorsville. These battles, despite large Confederate losses, were signs of superiority to the populous and heightened hopes of foreign intervention over the North. As the Northern Navy’s blockade began to effect supplies, Lee himself answered the question of guerrilla warfare. This type war would have caused the lawlessness within in the Confederacy and the forfeiture of property “slaves” in order for it to survive, thus giving illegitimacy to a country once based on lofty goals (Gallagher

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