Next to the family, the Montessori classroom is the place of importance in the world of a child. The Montessori classroom is a social institution that not only determines the present state of the child but also their future. In “The Absorbent Mind”, Dr Maria Montessori wrote, “The most important period of life is not the age of university studies, but the first one, the period from birth to the age of six. For that is the time when man’s intelligence itself, his greatest implement is being formed…At no other age has the child greater need of intelligent help, and any obstacle that impedes his creative work will lessen the chance he has of achieving perfection.” In order to help children Maria Montessori developed what she called “the
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E.g.: Knobbed cylinders, pink tower, broad stair, long rods, knobbles cylinder and color box. • Auditory (hearing): children are very sensitive over the sounds they hear. But not like adults they are not capable to tune out sounds when they want to. E.g.: Sound boxes. • Tactile (touch): children learn through their own sense of touch. Dr Montessori divided the sense of touch into 4 categories, such as ▪ Surface touch e.g. touch boards, touch tablets and the fabric box ▪ Stereognostic e.g. Stereognostic materials ▪ Thermic. E.g.: Thermic tablets and thermic bottles ▪ Baric. E.g.: Baric tablets • Olfactory (smell): children are skilled how to distinguish between different smells which he would be exposed to in his day today life. Children are learning through their own sense of smell.E.g: Smelling bottles. • Gustatory (taste): The locations that identifies the taste on the tongue are: sweet taste (tip of the tongue), sour and salty (sides of the tongue), bitter taste (back of the tongue). At a very young age child group a very sensitive sense of taste. E.g: Tasting solutions.
Sensorial materials teach children about color, shape, sound, dimension, surface, texture, weight, temperature and form. By using the Sensorial material, the child becomes conscious of achieving