Why African American Is The Leading Race For Infant Mortality

1468 Words Oct 28th, 2016 6 Pages
Introduction
Infant mortality rate constitutes the death of a baby before their first birthday. Mortality rates around the world differ tremendously with America leading the first world countries at an alarming rate of 6.1 deaths per 1,000 births. Conversely, Finland and Japan secure the last, most desirable position, with deaths totaling 2.3 per 1,000 births, as of 2010 (Ovaska-Few, 2015). In 2014, over 23,000 babies died in the United States (CDC, 2016). Exploring the high mortality rates in America brings aluminates the dire need for additional interventions, and research, as to why this developing nation has the highest rate of infant deaths before the age of 1 year old. African Americans face the worst outcomes of infant death compared to whites, Latino, and their Native American peers in North Carolina (Ovaska-Few, 2015). This paper will explore why African American is the leading race for infant mortality and the steps that the health communities need to take to address this devastating occurrence.
Demographic Characteristics of North Carolina’s Population
As of 2014, North Carolina ranks as the 8th worst state for infant mortality in the United States with a slight improvement from holding the number one position in 1988 (Health Start Foundation, 2014). Looking closer at the infant mortality rate by demographics and ethnicity you can see a clearer picture when the doors of perception explore preventative measures for this at risk population. African Americans…

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