Whitetail Deer Management Essay

2190 Words Mar 21st, 2013 9 Pages
Research Proposal: EC 315

John Kenyon

November 28, 2011

History and Purpose Statement The history of white-tailed deer in Missouri shows positive and negative influences humans can have on wildlife. During presettlement times, the whitetail was abundant in Missouri, especially in the more fertile and diverse habitats of northern Missouri. The influx of European settlers to Missouri during the last half of the 19th century coincided with a rapid decline in the deer population. Unrestricted market hunting and habitat destruction, such as cutting, burning, farming and grazing forest lands, contributed most to this decline.
Token laws restricting the killing of deer were passed in the late 1800s and early 1900s, but they went
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During very wet November many farmers cannot get their crops out of the field and this can greatly reduce the number of deer killed because deer have better cover in standing corn than they do in an open field. Also if the crops are still in the field the deer do not have to search for food thus they have to travel less which leads to less opportunity for hunters to harvest a deer. The third variable is the average November temperature. With warmer weather the deer, which have grown their thick winter coats by then, will move substantially less. Hunters will however stay out in the field longer. This leads me to believe that the numbers will average out as far as the number of deer killed. I was surprised to see only a slight variance in temperature. However even a ten degree change will affect deer movement. Please not that these are averages not a certain degree on a certain day. I have hunted when it was sixty degrees and also when it was seven, both in the same ten day season. The fourth dependent variable is the number of deer in the population. This may seem like it should be the primary variable but I decided that if there were two million deer but no one wanting to shoot them the deer kill would not exist also the number of tags pulled can be measure accurately but the deer population is just an estimate by the Missouri Department of Conservation. This is the most

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