What Was The Controversy Between Martin Luther And The Reformation In Germany?

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Beginning in the early 16th century, a rise against the Catholic Church ensued as many influential Christian leaders began to teach against Catholic beliefs. In Germany specifically, a Reformation began in rebellion against the corruption and abuse of the Papacy. The Reformation opposed the catholic practices of collecting debts and the importance that they placed on Saints and icons. Martin Luther, the pivotal leader for the Reformation in Germany, expressed a need for rehabilitation within the church and created a new vision for Christianity. While it took many years and created controversy between Luther and the Catholic church, Luther’s teachings became more prominent, becoming the foundation for Protestantism. Although the Catholic Church …show more content…
Beginning in the Middle Ages, the Catholic Church ruled over Christians with an iron fist with lists of rules and guidelines for behavior. Christians were under strict guidance from the church on how to live but were still scared of the wrath of God and many Christians were anxious about where they were going to go when they died. Because of this, they often named their children after Saints to help them be more favorable in the eyes of God. The icon and relics industry also grew as more and more Christians visited them to ensure salvation. Corruption in the church also became a major problem. Priests often took bribes from Christians who sought forgiveness for their sins but then used these bribes to expand their own wealth. In 1517, Friar Johann Tetzel was accused of selling indulgences to raise funds to renovate St. Peters Basilica in Rome. Many Christians, including Martin Luther, grew weary of the corruption and distrust within the Catholic Papacy and searched for reform within the …show more content…
Here he studied the religious views of both Erasmus of Rotterdam and Augustine of Hippo. Erasmus, who was quoted saying “I laid the egg that Luther hatched,” often criticized the papacy’s abuse of power and advocated for loosened control of papal power. Erasmus extended upon the philosopher, Augustine of Hippo’s, beliefs that the the Bible holds authority over church officials and that sacraments and church ceremonies had become a way for the church to abuse its power. In 1513, Martin Luther received a scholarship to become a Doctor of Bible at the University of Wittenberg and influenced his teachings off of Augustine and Erasmus. As a professor he advocated to replace the study of Aristotle with the study of righteousness and the Bible. Throughout his studies, Luther became extremely focused on a passage in Romans where he developed a new interpretation of righteousness and faith. Romans 1:17 stated, “For in the gospel the righteousness of God is revealed—a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written. The righteous will live by faith.” Luther understood that God gives Christians righteousness and although they cannot be God, they can be saved by him which was God’s greatest gift to the world. Luther argued that Romans 1:17 proved

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