What Is The Relationship Between Motivation And Motivation

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THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ETHICS, MOTIVATIONS OF PUBLIC EMPLOYEES, AND DECISION MAKING
The Relationship between Ethics and Motivation
It is known that the public administration is a bureaucracy which is the concept from Max Weber. Weber claimed that there is a connection between organizational structure and personality. He strongly believe that bureaucracy is the most efficient and powerful system. I quite agree with Winston Churchill 's statement. He said that
"We do not love bureaucracy, but we need it, at least until we devise workable alternative organizational schemes that permit us to retain the features of bureaucracy that we embrace eagerly – predictability and stability, rationality, reliance on expertise, equitable treatment –
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Most people may assume that the public employees or bureaucrats have a high moral and ethics; because they work for the public interest. However, there is not clear result from the research support that a strong public service motivation is something positive. In addition, this motivation may lead to unethical conduct. It is interesting when Demmke and Moilanen conclude that public motivation theories should not be mixed with public ethics theories. Both theories have the different values. The important point is, "having different motivational motives (than in the private sector) does not mean that public servants are “the better employees” or that they act more ethically" (Demmke and Moilanen 2011: 38-39)
The Relationship between Ethics and Decision Making
Ethics usually challenge the managers when they need to do the decision-making process. Before the managers make a decision, they need to gather the information. And then, the decision makers will decide by looking at the information that they have. There are many different approaches of decision making in bureaucracy. However, there are four main approaches that decision makers in public sector usually do; the rational approach, which seeks to maximize efficiency; the bargaining approach, which seeks to maximize the political support; the participate decision-making approach, which seeks to improve the decision by calling the populations that will be affected from
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She claimed that has three approaches: materialism, utilitarianism, and deontology (Bowen 2002: 271). The decision makers may decide upon their self-interest, which is materialist approach. These decision makers will decide towards their own benefits (Bowen 2002: 272). On the other hands, the decision makers who are utilitarianism will decide based on the number of people will benefited by it. This approach considered as the morality. And the deontology approach is the decision makers who cannot evaluate the results after they made a decision whether it will ethical or not.
Some organizations will define the code of ethics; this code will regulate and answer ethical and moral problems (Bastien 1997). This code also is the guidance for the decision makers. They need to answer these questions before they make a decision such as "Is it comply the law?", "Is it fair for every population?" "Is it right?" (Bastien 1997). If the decision makers have an ethical approach while they analyze before they make a decision, it will help them to understand all implications. Ultimately, they will decide by choosing the best choice that will bring better long-term

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