What is the make up requirement for the characters ‘Rama’ and ‘Ravana’ in a Kathakali performance---The Ramayana by R. K. Narayan?

3755 Words Apr 6th, 2014 16 Pages
What is the make up requirement for the characters ‘Rama’ and ‘Ravana’ in a Kathakali performance---The Ramayana by R. K. Narayan?

‘The Ramayana’ is considered as one of the great Hindu (Indian) epics of the fourth century BC that uses the performance style of the traditional Indian dance drama—Kathakali. Kathakali (literally, ‘story play’) is a type of total theatre, which is described as dance-drama. It performs dramatized stories in the form of combining dance, acting and music. Actors never speak on stage, as the text is present by the onstage vocalists. Therefore their body movements, hand gestures and facial expressions are always important. With facial gestures, the actor must be able to manipulate their facial muscles in order
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The shape of the thick eyeliner that frames the eyes is assume to be the shape of broad-blade sabre of a sweeping curve of a bow . Also, the white of the eye has to be reddened, the redden eyes is called crimson eyes. This is done because it stands in contrast to the colour scheme of the face. By making the crimson eyes, Paccha characters has to put in a few young seeds of cundapoou in their eyes. Then by rotating their eyes, the seed colour (brilliant red) will dissolved in his eyes.

Pacca’s lips will paint in brilliant coral red. Instead of a wavy –like red lips, there is two circular attachments at both end of the mouth that look as if smiling. It is because the ‘these two sides circular patches is to get self- position and restraint to the character, which qualities are wanting in other role types.’

Finally, in order to finish the make up, a cutti will be added to frame the entire face from ‘ear to ear’ . A cutti looks like multi-layers of white paper that each white paper is come out from the previous one. The purpose of a cutti is to change the normal structure of the actor’s face by widening the jawline and narrowing again at the chin.

The below figure is the whole make up look for Rama, a Pacca character in the class of Sāttvika, which concludes the above description.

Figure 2. Rama’s make up

Additional information about the role type Sāttvika is that: a medium circular crown is usually

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