What Is The Importance Of Biodiversity In An Ecosystem?

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An analysis on the importance of biodiversity in an ecosystem as shown by the gray wolf extirpation and reintroduction in Yellowstone Park

The extirpation of the grey wolf (Canis lupus) in Yellowstone Pak is a prime example of the impact of biodiversity loss, specifically a keystone species, on a terrestrial ecosystem.
Biodiversity can be explained by breaking down the two words combined to form the word. Bio is a Greek word used as a prefix meaning life. Diversity can be used in many disciplines to identify the number of variety of species of a particular subject. Typically, in Science, as noted by Perring et al., there are usually three levels used to measure diversity. The individual level, the species level, and the community level.
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Practical uses of biodiversity include food, oxygen, and water among many others. A great value to Biodiversity is explained by Wilson 1988 in terms of harvesting. For example, a forest rich game animal is ideal for a community that relies on hunting for food. This community would then need to find a balance between present benefits and future cost. The animals being hunted need to be fed by a variety of foods that support a healthy diet. Wilson 1996 talks about the importance of having different variations of plants that serve as food for grazing animals. It is later mentioned that different flora allows for different kinds of animals to exist and have suitable food sources. The flora provides oxygen while eliminating carbon dioxide through the process of photosynthesis. (find source to back that up) Wilson 1996 speaks to the importance of biodiversity in the aquatic world because it provides pure water. He mentions that diverse streams with diverse species will have a better chemically and physical characteristics than those that do not. Despite the importance of biodiversity (Perring et al) human activity has led to an accelerated loss of …show more content…
These groups are the ones that depend on biodiversity for food sources. Simpson 2007 advocates for compensation for those who lose from conservation. Conservation actions should pose little risk to the poor while ensuring human’s well-being (Turner). Conservation is prevalent in societies with well developed studies of the environment. When inhabitants of those communities attempt to spread the conservation message many issues arise. This problem is noted by Potvin 2001 stating that local communities can feel grievances when foreign researchers are conducting experiments. More often than noticed, locals contribute to the research. The problem arises when locals are not given recognition for their contributions in literature or field studies. Mubalama 2001 a biologist from Congo wrote about the work he did for a study and was not given proper acknowledgment. This sort of behavior is essentially academic plagiarism that isolates Natives from the process of conservation in their own community. The biodiversity in a community is best protected by the natives Mubalama 2001 because they are the most knowledgeable of the land. Mubalama 2001 speaks to the slowly developing code of ethics in Africa especially relating to the biodiversity studies. Parizeau 2011 speaks to the poor relations between Indigenous people and scientist because of a sense of mistrust. There is also a

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