What Is The Rise Of Islam

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Like Christianity and Judaism, Islam was born in the Middle East. The word Islam was derived from the root s-l-m, which means primarily “peace” but in a secondary “sense surrender” (Smith 222). Its full connotation is the peace that comes when one’s life is surrendered to God. The rise of Islam began with the Prophet Muhammad, who was born in the city of Mecca in about 570. His early life was cradled in tragedy; his father died before he was born, and his mother when he was six. Thereafter he was adopted into his uncle’s home. According to Smith, Muhammad was pure hearted and beloved in his circle. His bereavements having made him sensitive to human suffering in every for, he was always ready to help others, especially the poor and the weak. …show more content…
These were written down into 114 chapters or suras, which were collected together after his death. The revelations are collectively known as the Qur’an (Koran), the sacred book of Islam. There are Five Pillars of Islam, the principles that regulate the private life of Muslims in their dealings with God. The first of the Five Pillars is Islam’s creed, or confession of faith known as the Shahadah. This Pillar claims that “There is no god but God, and Muhammad is His Prophet.” The first half of the proclamation announces that the cardinal principle of monotheism. The affirmation registers the Muslim’s faith in the authenticity of Muhammad and in the validity of the book he transmitted.La ilaha illa’llah is the greatest phrase of the Arabic language, which means that there are no another gods, there is one and only, he is the God, One without rival. It rallies people and explodes their power of the limits of the known world. The second pillar of Islam is he colonial prayer, in which Koran adjures the faithful to “be constant” (29:45); (Smith …show more content…
The third pillar of Islam is charity. It claims that those who have much should help lift the burden of those who are less fortunate. According to this pillar money should be given to those in immediate need, to slaves in the process of buying their freedom, to debtors unable to meet their obligations, to strangers and wayfarers, and to those who collect and distribute the alms (Smith 247). The fourth pillar of Islam is the observance of Ramadan. Ramadan is a month in the Islamic calendar-Islam’s holy month because during it Muhammad received his initial revelation and made his historic Hijrah (migration) from Mecca to Medina. Islam’s fifth pillar is pilgrimage. According to this pillar the pilgrimage brings unity, and brings together people from various countries, demonstrating thereby that they share a loyalty that transcends loyalty to their nations and ethnic groups. Another source of authority for Muslims is the Hadith which literally means “statement.”(which literally means "statement"). The Hadith is a collection of saying and deeds of the Prophet

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