What is the Difference Between ‘Sex’ and ‘Gender’?
To start this essay I will clearly state definitions of ‘Sex’ and ‘Gender’ respectively. ‘Sex’ is described as ‘the biological properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles.’(Princeton University – 2010). Whereas gender is listed as ‘the state of being male or female, typically with reference to social or cultural differences rather than biological.’(Michigan University – 2010). In this essay I will explore and investigate both sex and gender, whilst identifying the differences between the two. I will start by elaborating on the given definitions. Sex is defined on the Princeton University website as ‘biological’. This is a word that has
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The issue of Semanya and women in sports in general is often viewed socially as idiosyncratic. For many years’ women in sports has been a controversial issue within the national media, with many commentators suggesting that physical sports such as rugby and soccer are masculine. This is the traditional view that can be traced back to Grecian Olympic Games when women were not permitted to take part.(Serendip – 2002). The fact that sport is traditionally considered as male dominated, leads fluently onto the issue of gender, social norms regarding gender and amplifying the differences between sex and gender. The Michigan University definition of gender argues that gender is socially constructed rather than biological. Gender appears, from this definition to be the criteria that defines either masculine or feminine behavior. Of course, traditionally males behave in a masculine way and females the opposite. Several male psychology theorists suggest that masculine behavior is superior to feminine behavior. (Keen – 1991) Conventionally, masculine and feminine traits have been considered as opposites. I.e. it would be considered masculine to hunt the animal, and feminine to cook and prepare the animal. However, more recently in modern society gender theorists have argued that gender has ‘merged’. In popular culture, influential figures such as David Beckham and Michael Jackson