What Is The Difference Between Nature And Nurture Is More Important In Determining Behavior

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Register to read the introduction… The difference between nature and nurture is that nature is the idea that behavior is effected by your chemical and gene make up while nurture is the idea that you are a blank slate and your behavior is distinguished by experiments. They both effect behavior is what was discovered. * Dualism is supported by cognitive psychologists such as George A. Miller and Sigmund Freud * Rene Descartes dealt with Monism vs. Dualism & Interactive Dualism * Monism is the belief that the mind and body are as one and dualism is that the mind and body are two different parts but work together. In dualism our mind tells our body what to do, but there is a separation. Monism is that the body and mind are one unit that produces changes in behavior. Behaviorism is a monism view of psychology. * We discussed several early schools of psychology (voluntarism, structuralism, functionalism, psychoanalysis, behaviorism, gestalt, cognitive). Know which scientist(s) are credited with each of them as well as their theoretical underpinnings. * Voluntarism – William Wundt * Consciousness & Will * Lead to the field of …show more content…
NE (Norepinephrine)Plays a role in mood disorders such as manic depression | Attentiveness, emotions, sleeping, dreaming, and learningReleased as hormone into blood | Excitatory (alpha1, beta1, beta2)Inhibitory (alpha2) | DA (Dopamine)The loss of dopamine in certain parts of the brain causes muscle rigidity typical of Parkinson’s disease | Controls movement and postureModulates moodCentral role in positive reinforcement and dependency | Excitatory (D1)Inhibitory (D2) | 5-HT (Serotonin)Depression, suicide, impulsive behavior, and aggressiveness are results of serotonin imbalances | Regulates body temperature, sleep, mood, appetite, and pain | ExcitatoryInhibitory …show more content…
Ionotropic and Metabotropic * Autoreceptors/Heteroceptors – proteins on Pre-Synaptic Membrane which neurotransmitters bind to. Metabotropic * Enzymes – free floating bodies which break down neurotransmitters * Synaptic vesicles – intra-cellular spheres which house neurotransmitters * Neurotransmitters * Released into neuro-synaptic cleft * Bind with post-synaptic receptors or pre-synaptic

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