What Is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Essay

2499 Words Mar 14th, 2011 10 Pages
What is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (S.L.E)

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus is a chronic autoimmune disease which causes inflammation of your joints, tissues, and organs. The inflammation presents itself as heat, pain, swelling and redness. SLE is a variable disease that doesn’t take any one particular course; therefore its unpredictability makes it even more devastating. No two people will experience the same disease symptoms or severity level. As S.L.E progresses there will be periods of very subtle to no symptoms at all called remission or an exacerbation of symptoms called flares. Normally the body is protected by the immune system. When the immune system detects an unwelcome visitor such as fungi, bacteria and or viruses
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People with Lupus have an increased risk to develop hardening of the arteries that can cause a stroke or heart attack. Most Lupus patients are coping well with family members and friends as their primary support system. Pain, emotional problems and lifestyle changes are the most difficult for patients to cope with.
Prognosis of S.L.E

More than 16,000 Americans develop Lupus each year. The Lupus Foundation of America (LFA) estimates among 1.5 – 2 million Americans have a form of Lupus. More than 90% of people with Lupus are women, the symptoms and diagnosis often occurs during child-bearing years between 15 – 45 years of age. Men and children younger than 15 and older people can get Lupus as well. People of any ethnicity can develop Lupus, but African Americans, Hispanics, Asians, and American Indians have an increased rate. In severe cases of S.L.E kidney damage is often the first symptom obvious to the physician. In most cases, mild symptoms make it harder to diagnosis the illness. One person might have multiple organ damage, where as another person might have occasional joint pain. It can take a few years for an accurate diagnosis early detection of Lupus is important to lower the chance of organ damage and other complications. How and why Lupus develops is not understood, but the illness may result from a complex mix of hormonal, genetic and environmental factors. Lupus runs in families and

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