Essay on What Is Social Fact - Emile Durkheim
He also makes the point “the social being has been fashioned historically” (Durkheim, 1982:54), therefore we are taught and develop tendencies and habits, these plus the education a child receives are what provide the basis of creating a social being. “What constitutes social facts are the beliefs, tendencies and practices of the group taken collectively.” (Durkheim, 1982:54). Therefore when one is born into a particular social fact, they grow up and follow the beliefs, tendencies and practices of the people around them – their parents: “if they existed before he did, it follows that they exist outside him” (Durkheim, 1982:51) There are numerous contemporary examples of Durkheim’s concept of social facts present in today’s society; these are inundated in our lives everyday. A particular example of social fact is racism.
Racism is described as the belief in racial differences, which can cause discriminatory acts – where a distinct biological group is described as inferior; the members of a particular race are commonly faced with derogatory racial based comments, stereotypes and non-equal treatment.
One of the main causes of racism is an individuals surrounding