What is Scientific Research Process? There were so many researches that had been run, are running and going to run in the future. However, what is a research after all? Research means to search for knowledge, to make a systematic investigation or to establish novel facts (Trochim, 2006). According to Sekaran and Bougie (2010), research is defined as simply the process of finding solutions to a problem after a thorough study and analysis of the situational factors. The definition of research includes any gathering of data, information and facts for the advancement of knowledge in the broadest sense of the world (Shuttleworth, Martyn, 2008).
The main purpose for a research is to discover, interpret and develop the methods and systems for
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It is performing methodical study in order to prove a hypothesis or answer those questions. Besides, it also provides scientific theories and information regarding the explanation of the nature of the world around us (Trochim, 2006). Scientists use scientific method to search for cause and effect relationships in nature. A scientific research process must be systematic and follow a series of steps and a rigid standard protocol that are organized and undergo planning. Although the rules may vary slightly between different fields of science, it is broadly similar. The whole process requires some kind of interpretation and an opinion from the researcher, which is the underlying principle that establishes the nature and type of research (Shuttleworth, Martyn, 2008).
A scientific research process is shaped like an hourglass that starts from general questions and then narrowing down to focus on one specific aspect as to design a research to observe and analyze this aspect (Experiment Resource, 2008). According to National Advice Services for Researchers (NHS; 2011), there are ten steps in doing a research process: 1. Turn your ideas into a research question 2. Review the literature 3. Design the study and develop your method(s) 4. Writing your research proposal 5. Issues about funding 6. Obtain ethical and trust approval 7. Collect and collate the data 8. Analyze the