Personality Traits

Good Essays
Personality is the reasonably stable patterns of thoughts, emotions, and behaviors derived from both genetic predisposition and social learning that distinguish one person from another. There are three terms related to personality. They are traits, states, and types (Drummond & Sheperis, 2016).
The term personality trait refers to enduring personal characteristics that are revealed in a particular pattern of behavior in different situations (Drummond & Sheperis, 2016). Traits remain stable over time. A person’s traits do influence behavior. There are three types of traits. Cardinal traits are dominating and shape a person’s behavior. This becomes what a person is known for. An example would be Mother Theresa was known for all the
…show more content…
It is restricted by use of only clinicians with a doctoral degree. It has 567 true or false questions and takes 60-90 minutes to complete (Martinez, 2012). The Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI-III) is a self-report exam that has 175 items that are true or false and takes about 30 minutes to complete. The California Psychological Inventory (CPI) is a self-administered exam that has 434 true or false statements (Drummond & Sheperis, 2016). The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) this test sorts a person’s preferences into four separate categories (Briggs Myers 1980). They are usually abbreviated such as, ESTJ for extroversion, sensing, thinking and judging or INFP for introversion, intuition, feeling and perceiving (Martinez, 2012). The NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI) has 240 statements that a person reports their likeliness to agree. The Neo Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) has 60 items and has two styles, the self-report and the observer report form. These are the most commonly used to measure …show more content…
These include The Rorschach Inkblot Test has 10 inkblots printed on separate cards. The client is asked to look at the inkblot and describe what they see. The Thematic Apperception Test has 31 black and white pictures. A client is usually shown between 10 -14 and asked to tell a story about each. Projective drawing is a where the client is asked to draw a person or a house. Some verbal projective tests that are available would be sentence completion or asking a client “if you had 3 wishes what would they be?” (Martinez, 2012). The projective tests are limited to the examiners opinion, so they fail to be proven in reliability and validity

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Self-concept has three major qualities which are: it is learned, it is organized, and it is dynamic. Self-concept is learned in that it begins in the early months of life which is shaped and reshaped through repeated perceived experiences, particularly with significant others. Most researchers agree that self-concept has a generally stable quality that is characterized by some sort of orderliness. Each person maintains countless views about their existence and each view is arranged with all the others. These views are generally organised and stable qualities of self-concept that gives consistency to one’s personality and have consequences.…

    • 1135 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    WAIS-IV is intended for adults aged from 16 to 90 years old and it is an individually administered test (Spies et al., 2010). The test includes 10 core subtests and five supplemental subtests. It provides four major scores consists of Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI), Perceptual Reasoning Index (PRI), Working Memory Index (WMI) and Processing Speed Index (PSI). Additionally, it also provides two overall summary scores which is Full Scale IQ and General Ability Index (GAI). The test takes 59 - 100 minutes to complete (Spies et al.,…

    • 1230 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    This study emphasizes on the predictions about change in mean levels of personality traits in adulthood. The five-factor theory says that after the age of 30, no change is possible in personality. This is known as hard plaster hypothesis. Similarly the soft hypothesis says that some change is possible after 30. To discuss this hypothesis, this article reports a huge research that was conducted on a large group of people with almost 140000 adults being a part of that group with ages between 21-60.…

    • 1291 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As any self- testing instrument, the results are more often falsified. When a person takes a personality test, he/she is more prone to lie about certain issues. This is because during testing, there are no invigilation’s, therefore making the test only valid to the persons who do the test honestly. With the multiple questions, the possibility of the patient choosing the wrong answer is also very likely. Moreover, a person with different personalities may choose a different category from what they truly are.…

    • 1047 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The sample consisted of 31.4% diploma nurses, 41% associated degree nurses, and 27.6% baccalaureate nurses. Most had less than one year experience, but 24.5% had ten or more years’ experience. These groups were divided into two categories, and then divided again based on educational levels. It is not surprising that the data showed the nurses with more than ten years’ experience differed significantly on the pass rates than the less than one year experienced nurses. “Approximately 25% of newly hired nurses had deficiencies in critical thinking ability, including problem recognition, reporting essential clinical data, initiating independent nursing interventions, anticipating relevant medical orders, providing relevant rational to support…

    • 1274 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Anand, R., & UdayaSuriyan, G. (2010). Emotional intelligence and its relationship with leadership practices. International Journal of Business and Management, 5(2), 65?76. http://doi.org/10.1108/02683940910922546. Using two instruments, the EII, and LPI, the authors (Anand & UdayaSuriyan, 2010) surveyed 300 executives selected randomly.…

    • 8706 Words
    • 35 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    SDT is concerned with autonomy, competence, and relatedness, which are the three basic psychological needs. Ryan and Deci (2000) argue that the basic psychological needs are important, and apply across a broad sphere applicable to all individuals. In addition, all three needs are necessary to be able to thrive, and people are at their best when all three needs are satisfied. The need for…

    • 730 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Psychology of Happiness Studies have been conducted to explain happiness, and who experiences it. There are three primarily needs of psychology need of satisfaction: autonomy, competence, and relatedness (Howell, Chenot, Hill, & Howell, 2009). Subjective well-being can be affected by the individual’s experiences of the research being presented in the article. Self-determination theory is a significant aspect of happiness because it deals with the three psychological needs, which is considered necessary for development, physically and mentally, for the individual (Howell, Chenot, Hill, & Howell, 2009, p. 2). Well-being and the psychological needs connects with each other to achieve the feeling of happiness.…

    • 1000 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Great Man Theory

    • 1068 Words
    • 5 Pages

    Different leadership style implemented in different situation could result in different level of effectiveness. House’s Path-Goal Theory is a good unit of measurement for effective leadership in various situations. House’s Path-Goal Theory (House and Mitchell, 1975) This theory focuses on both leader and follower identifying and achieving that common goal by eliminating any obstructions that would hinder the progression towards the goal. Factors such as degree of expectation, level of outcomes contributed to the study of House’s theory. This will, under a mutual leadership behaviour acceptable by both leaders and followers, lead to more effective performance which leads to more deserving incentives.…

    • 1068 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    The day before in class I’ll see what words students think of when they hear the term magnets. I’ll then explain that every magnet has a north and south pole. Finally I’ll demonstrate what happens when like poles are brought together and what happens when opposite poles are. I will continuously go around the room from group to group to make sure the students are on task and understand what their objectives are. The last ten minutes of class each student will answer 5 simple questions on an exit slip.…

    • 832 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays