What Is Pavlov 's Dog Experiment? Essay

824 Words Oct 7th, 2015 4 Pages
Classical conditioning is the process by which a response that is normally elicited by one stimulus becomes elicited by another conditioned stimulus. A classic example of this is Pavlov’s dog experiment. Pavlov ran his experiment by seeing whether a dog would salivate under certain conditions. He first presented the dog with food, which of course elicited salivation. He then rang a bell near the dog, which caused no response. He began to ring the bell while giving the dog its food, causing the dog to salivate and begin to associate food with the ringing of the bell. Finally, he rang the bell near the dog again, which caused it to salivate. The reason it did this, is because it learned that when the bell rang it was going to get food. Therefore, when hearing the ringing of the bell, even without the stimulus of food, it still salivated because that is what it expected. Today, we know classical condition plays an important part in our everyday lives by affecting our fears, food preferences, and even addiction. A major way classical conditioning affects our daily lives is by deciding what we fear. Fear is more beneficial to us than we might think, as it helps us to survive. One of the most famous examples of this is the case of Little Albert. Little Albert was a baby boy who was conditioned to fear white rats. The rat was initially a neutral stimulus, as Albert was not afraid of it at all. He was, however, afraid of loud noises (unconditioned stimulus). The experimenter began…

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