What Is Marine Conservation Essay

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Despite their intentions, a majority of marine conservation acts passed by Congress have not been enforced properly or are ignored entirely. Some environmentalists argue that we as citizens are to blame because we are too busy with our personal lives to care about the environment—most of us don’t recycle, utilize alternative sources of energy, or think twice about the detrimental effects that our lifestyles and everyday habits have on the oceans, let alone any other ecosystem or even the Earth, for that matter. I hope to find that maybe we as citizens are slightly responsible, for the government has proposed and signed into law quite a few acts that have promoted the marine conservation movement. Marine conservation is a term used to describe …show more content…
The government has done its job by enacting legislation to designate certain parts of the ocean as marine protected areas (a fishery and ecosystem management tool intended to limit or prohibit human activity and impact, also known as MPAs), adding species to the Red List based on their level of endangerment, and even funding the EPA and other marine science institutions. It’s the everyday citizens who don’t think twice about leaving behind food and trash on the beach that are eventually taken up by the ocean tides and ingested by innocent, unaware organisms, like sea turtles. It’s the working class that take up jobs with companies such as BP and ExxonMobil, who have been responsible for oil spills such as Deepwater Horizon in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010 (rig exploded in Macondo Prospect and is considered to be the most devastating oil spills in history) and Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound, Alaska in 1989 (the oil tanker headed for Long Beach, CA struck Bligh Reef and spilled 11 to 38 million gallons of crude oil, considered the worst environmental disaster until the 2010 BP oil spill). It’s the careless fishermen who accidentally catch mammals in their nets such as dolphins and seals and don’t throw them back into the …show more content…
Although birds and mammals receive the most attention, the smaller creatures at the base of the food chain are also harmed by pollutants and drastic changes in their environment, such as increased concentration of CO2 and rise in sea levels and water temperature (Patel). Benthic and neritic organisms (those living on the seafloor and above the continental shelf, respectively) such as mussels, barnacles, and other shellfish suffer 90+% mortality rate when their environment is compromised in some manner and recovery of the population can take

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