What Is Australia Essay

1786 Words 8 Pages
“Don’t worry about the world ending today, it’s already tomorrow in Australia.” - Charles M. Schulz. Everybody knows about Australia, but do they really know everything? First, they should know the history behind Australia. Like who were the first settlers and how did they come upon Australia. It’s very important for everybody to know about it, because it’s such a big country and it’s the only country that’s a continent too. I know it’s not the “coolest” country out there, but people would change their mind once they learn more about it. It also has so many unique attractions and features. Like the fascinating animals they have; which they have given the rest of the world to experience them. Also all the beautiful man made features like the …show more content…
Australia has such a unique story behind it unlike no other, and always seems to stand out to a lot of people. The first settlers were the Aboriginals who came around 60,000 years ago during the last part of the Ice Age. Being one of the first homo sapiens to migrate out of Africa. They were said to be very dark-skinned, broad-nose, and very muscular. They lived there for quite awhile, but never really started building houses and farms, because Australia land was not able to grow much plants like wheat and rice. Books say that Aborigines came in contact with a lot of “white men” from Indonesia while in Australia. Years later the real “white men” appeared and befriended the Aborigines. They say that Captain James Cook took possession of the east coast of Australia for the British Crown in 1770. By 1788 Captain Phillip raises the Union Jack at Sydney Cove to start a penal colony. Aborigines get very worried once they see the ships coming in. They soon try to fight back with the Britain; not wanting to lose their land that they founded. Britain ends up capturing multiple Aborigines and killing them. While the …show more content…
It took them a little over 6 months to get from England to Australia. Over the 6 months nearly 10% of the prisoners passed away. All the prisoners were put in bad conditions and were all treated terribly. The prisoners came anywhere from English and Welsh, Ireland, or Scottish. They had some convicts from Canada and India. Some Maoris from New Zealand, Chinese from Hong Kong and slaves from the Caribbean. The prisoners ranged anywhere from murders to poor people who stole a slice of cheese to eat. There were many cases of women prostitutes who were being shipped over to Australia. A little over 3,000 women were sent over while almost 24,000 men were sent over. Only about 6% were actually put in ‘lockdown’ others did labour for the free settlers in Australia. A lot of the prisoners gotta ‘get out of jail free card’. If they were had good behavior they would not serve their whole sentence. They first issued them because it would save money, but later it provided the prisoners with probation. The prisoners would get out of jail and start building their own houses in Australia, some took a clean slate and forgot about their family in England or wherever they came from. Others were scared to go back so they stayed in Australia. By 1851 in New South Wales and Central Victoria gold was found thousand and men from everywhere heard about it made

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