What Fundamental Concepts Must First Be Defined By Hobbes, Locke, And Rouseau

1232 Words Mar 8th, 2016 5 Pages
When creating the perfect country, some fundamental concepts must first be defined. For example, the state has multiple views. There are contractarian views defended by Hobbes, Locke, and Rouseau as well as the liberal view of the state. Defined by Weber, the state is “…a human community that successfully claims the monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force within a given territory” (Weber 1958). There are three components in creating a state. First there is the nation state, which is a group of people that share a characteristic like language or race as well as mechanisms of government. Second, there is a monopoly on the legitimate use of force. The state has many instances of illegitimate uses of force like recently in Ferguson, Missouri. Third, the state itself has a monopoly on the legitimate use of force. Legitimacy is situational and depends on one’s particular bias. Which policies actually work is ultimately the most important factor when creating the ideal country. The ideological goal of reaching a utopia is impossible because utopia literally means no place. We are always trying to progress forward as a society regarding policies, laws, as well as everyday life. My ideal country would be a state that favors the community over the individual. The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few. Authoritarian, libertarian, and totalitarianism are the three main types of states. Authoritarian is a system where the state is heavily involved and closed.…

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