What Factors Determine What Information Is Selected Essay

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Our brain is not equipped to dealing with the vast amount of sensory information that we are exposed to in everyday life, as a consequence information must be selected (Munneke, Stigchel, & Theeuwes, 2008). Researchers are often interested in what factors determine what information is selected.
A question that has drawn considerable interest in cognitive research is whether perception of feelings, thoughts or behaviour is conditional on conscious awareness. A considerable amount of literature support the notion that spatial attention is essential in order to process information (Besner, Risko & Sklair, 2005; McCann, Folk, & Johnston, 1992) In contrast, another major theory argues that spatial attention enhances the processing of information, however it is not entirely dependent on this condition (Munneke et al., 2008; Brown, Gore, & Carr, 2002; Posner & Snyder, 1975).
Our current study was derived from Besner et al. (2005), who conducted four experiments as an attempt to unravel whether spatial awareness is dependent on attention. Spatial cueing and repetition priming was used to test the influence of attention on time to verbally name a target word that would appear either above or below a fixation point. Participants were exposed to a repetition prime prior to the presentation of the target word; the prime was masked from conscious awareness. A critical manipulation between the experiments was the cue validity of the target, used to direct attention; the cue validity was…

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