What Extent Do Liberals Support Democracy Essay

697 Words Dec 29th, 2015 3 Pages
CRAM Exclusive
Essay Sample
To what extent do liberals support democracy (45 marks) Democracy is the ultimate political form of ideological liberalism. It refers to the ideal form of state, and is common to both classical and modern liberals. In the 19th century, liberals often saw democracy as threatening or dangerous. Political theorists such as Plato and Aristotle viewed democracy as being a system of rule at the expense of wisdom and property. The principle that the will of the majority should prevail over the

middle of document…

Furthermore it could be argued that all citizens will be rational, and are capable of understanding the world and making decisions on basis of logical thought processes.

One of the earliest liberal justifications for democracy was founded on consent. The idea that citizens must have a means of protecting themselves from the encroaching government as liberals see liberal democracy as the ultimate protection against tyranny.
In the 17th century John Locke developed a limited theory of protective democracy, voting rights shoud be extended to the propertied, to defend their natural rights against government. During American revolution, the idea of ‘no taxation without representation’ was taken up. Utalitarianism theorists as Bentham and Mill developed notion of democracy as form of protection for the individual into a case for universal suffrage.

However a drawback of democracy is that it may mean that the government have to intervene more, something that classical liberals oppose.
A further reason of why liberals may be wary of democracy is that all power, even ‘power people’ tends to corrupt innately self-seeking humans. This was first developed by German socialist Michels, whose ‘Iron law of oligarchy’ states that all complex organizations, regardless of how democratic they originally are when constituted, eventually
CRAM Exclusive
Hand87945April

Related Documents

  • To what extent do political parties promote democracy? Essay

    binding on Parliament because Parliament remains sovereign. However it is virtually unthinkable that the UK Parliament would defy the expressed result of a referendum. It is Parliament and government that determine whether a referendum is to be held and what the question may be. Although the public cannot directly influence the government through a referendum, their opinions on the matter proposed will have a significant effect on the final decision made, which gives the public a higher sense of authority

    Words: 1055 - Pages: 5
  • To What Extend Do Liberals Support the Principle of Equality. Discuss.

    circumstances of birth, through no fault of their own, were not blessed with equal opportunity to benefit from the ‘free society’ proposed by the classical liberals. Liberals strongly believed that all distinct groups in society nevertheless should be entitled to equal life chances. To overcome such inequalities, William Gladstone, the leader of the liberal party, espoused greater equality of opportunity as one of its goals. Equality of opportunity meant that each individual should have the same chance

    Words: 676 - Pages: 3
  • To What Extent Are Pressure Groups Good for Democracy Essay

    always be a pressure that represents anything such as hospital workers, birdwatchers, holiday makers; there is literally someone that will represent you. You can be actively involved so you know what issues are being addressed or you can be passively represented where you are still represented by don’t know what topics or issues are being affected or being debated so you are still receiving the benefits. This is a good thing as everyone as a whole is being accepted and a broad range of people’s rights

    Words: 1111 - Pages: 5
  • Essay on Minority Groups in Liberal Democracies

    Dagger 39). Moreover, some goals of liberal democracies include, “equality of opportunity, solidarity, trust, and deliberative democracy” (Kymlicka 347). It is clear then that there is a link between multiculturalism and liberal democracy. Multiculturalism, the rejection of exclusion, marginalization, silencing, or assimilation for minority groups, supports the rights, liberties and most importantly for this argument, the equality offered in a liberal democracy. Thus, to justify group-specific rights

    Words: 2262 - Pages: 10
  • To What Extent Do You Sympathize Curley's Wife? Essay

    wife was picking on him. He said “You let this guy alone. Don’t you do no messing aroun’ with him. I’m gonna tell George what you says. George won’t have you messin’ with Lennie.” Candy also helped Crooks by saying “If you was to do that, we’d tell. We’d tell about you framin’ Crooks.” Crooks has been fed up with her, so he said “I had enough. You ain’t wanted here. We told you you ain’t. An’ I tell ya, you got floozy idears about what us guys amounts to. You ain’t got sense enough in that chicken head

    Words: 1003 - Pages: 5
  • Liberal Democracy and Francis Fukuyama Essay

    to be seen as more democratic regimes (Ivan Krastev pg. 504 & Levitsky and Way pg. 310), this added to the creation of competitive authoritarianism. If states were able to successfully disguise how they manipulated votes they were more seen as democracies than authoritarian regimes. Because states such as Russia implemented open borders, Russia was able to grow their competitive and capitalistic authoritarian regimes. This is because open borders allowed people who did not want to stay in Russia

    Words: 1002 - Pages: 5
  • What Do We Do Essays

    Discussion 1 What substances do iodine and Benedict's solution test for? 2 What change takes place when starch and saliva are mixed, according to the results in tubes 4 and 6? 3 Tubes 3 and 5 probably did not give the same results as tubes 4 and 6. In what way were the contents treated that could account for this difference? 4 (a) Are your results consistent with the hypothesis (theory) that an enzyme in saliva has changed starch to sugar? (b) Do your results prove that

    Words: 1095 - Pages: 5
  • To What Extent Does Democracy in the Uk Suffer from a Participation Crisis?

    membership which is caused by a decline in the voters’ loyalty towards political parties. Another reason why there is a participation crisis in the UK is the media. The media has a big impact and influence on citizens and the way they vote and support political parties. The media focuses on the political scandals, allegations, incompetence and policy failure of the parties which means that the good things

    Words: 1245 - Pages: 5
  • What Is the Role of the Judiciary in a Democracy Essays

    It is easier to make decision and make everyone follow your rules when you are the only one making them. In a democracy, the people elected the government. The government then has to do what the people expect him to do. If he takes decisions that are against the public opinion, the people will protest and may not vote for them in the next elections. This makes it harder for a democratic government to take big decisions, as they are always thinking about the next election. They would sometimes prefer

    Words: 1530 - Pages: 7
  • To What Extent Do Cognitive and Biological Factors Interact in Emotion

    appraisal (options) - we consider how we might cope with the situation 3. Reappraisal (ability to handle emotion) - Reappraisal refers to whether the emotion / situation is changeable or manageable. Speisman et al (1964) A study that supports Lazarus theory is that conducted by Speisman. He showed college students a film called ‘Sub-incision’, a graphic film about an initiation ceremony involving unpleasant genital surgery. The aim was see if the people’s emotional reactions could be

    Words: 1336 - Pages: 6