What Does The A Priori Argument For The New Testament Canon Of Scripture State?

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Register to read the introduction… _____Gnostisism_______ was a movement that developed in the second century. This heretical movement believed that salvation was found in attaining “special knowledge” (3).
19. Why are Marcion and Gnosticism so important in relation to a New Testament canon (3)? They provoked its creation
20. What were the three main criteria for recognizing canonicity (4)? See 21,22,23
21. Define the Test of Apostolicity (4). Book must be written by an apostle/ one connected to an apostle
22. Define the Rule of Faith (4). Comformity between the book and orthodoxy- doctrine that is consistant with Christian truth
23. Define the Test of Consensus (4). Widespread use of the doctrine by churches.
24. Name two so-called Gospels that were not considered authoritative for Christians because they failed the criteria for canonicity (4). Judas and thomas
25. What does the a priori argument for the New Testament canon of Scripture state (5)? That God would guard the gathering of a book, because god originally wrote them.
26. Delineate the five points of the premise upon which the a priori argument for the New Testament canon is based (5). See ch.1 page
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Decisions regarding interpretation are filtered through a person’s __presupositions_____________ (14).
4. What two universal concepts should one keep in mind when reading the Bible (14)? Context, and rule of interpretation
5. What two types of context are crucial to correctly interpreting Scripture (14–15)? Literary, and historical.
6. __proof texting____________ happens when a verse of Scripture is quoted to prove a point without considering the literary context of the verse (15).
7. Can proof texting be done correctly? If yes, explain (15). Yes, saying Everyone who believes will be saved like based off of john 3:16
8. The analogy of faith refers to the principle that “Scripture will never contradict _______scripture_____” (15).
9. What are the three key concepts involved in correctly understanding the meaning of a given passage of Scripture for the original audience before understanding the contemporary meaning (16)? Observation, interpretation, and application
10. What is the definition of the term “genre” (20)? A type of literature
11. What is the genre of the four Gospels (20)?
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The _____Synoptic problem__ __________ refers to the phenomena of both significant similarities and differences in the content of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (36–39).
2. Mathew, Mark, and Luke have been called the “____synoptic gospels_____ _______” since Griesbach’s study in which he arranged these three Gospels in parallel columns (37).
3. Instead of presenting a comprehensive account of Jesus’ life, the four Gospels contain _________Thematically purposed presentations of the sayings and deeds of Jesus” (39).
4. In attempting to answer the question of sources, scholars must examine both the __external____ and the ___internal___ evidence (40).
5. Related to the question of written sources for the canonical Gospels, what does the external evidence consist of (40)? Comes from ancient traditions regarding the original authors and audiences of the Gospels.
6. The doctrine of ____Inspiration__________ affirms the accuracy of the written Word of God (40).
7. Where does the earliest testimony regarding the origin of the Synoptic Gospels come from (41)? Papias
8. Name this theory regarding the interdependence of the Synoptic Gospels (42).


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