What Does It Affect The Individual? Essay

2008 Words Oct 30th, 2016 9 Pages
Humans’ ability to bounce back from trauma has been well documented throughout history. These individuals seem to surpass all odds and are able to thrive despite seemingly unsurpassable difficulties. People such as Oprah Winfrey, who have grown up to be incredibly successful and productive despite having difficult childhoods fascinate and inspire us. What makes these humans able to survive, or even flourish, despite the hardships or traumas is a relatively complex and in-depth topic. Resilience is the term used by psychologists and other social scientists to describe this ability to bounce back from risks, trauma, and adversity. Before we attempt to define resilience, we must understand the breadth and depth of this topic and how it relates to positive outcomes. Resilience is embodied through four different pathways. Each of these pathways relates to how the individual responds to risk factors. The first pathway, resistance, refers to the avoidance of risk factors which can lead to successful developmental outcomes. The second pathway, recovery, demonstrates the ability to recover from risk factors and return to the typical developmental state. “Resilience itself also is dynamic: The same individual may show maladaptive function at one time and resilience later in development, or vice versa” (Masten & Wright, 2009, p. 215). Normalization is another pathway which is demonstrated by a pattern of accelerated development after a trauma. Transformation demonstrates developmental…

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