What Does It Affect The Individual? Essay

1753 Words Oct 29th, 2016 8 Pages
Humans ability to bounce-back from trauma has been well documented throughout history. These individuals seem to surpass all odds and are able to thrive despite seemingly unsurpassable difficulties. People such as Oprah Winfrey, who have grown up to be incredibly successful and productive despite having difficult childhoods fascinate and inspire us. What makes these humans able to survive and even flourish despite the hardships or traumas is a relatively complex and in-depth topic. Resilience is the term used by psychologists and other social scientists to describe this ability to bounce back from risks, trauma, and adversity. Before we define resilience, we must understand the breadth and depth of this topic and how it relates to positive outcomes. Resilience is embodied through four different pathways. Each of these pathways relates to how the individual responds to risk factors. The first pathway, resistance, refers to the avoidance of these risk factors which lead to successful developmental outcomes. The second pathway, recovery, demonstrates the ability to bounce back from risk factors and return to the normal developmental state. Normalization is another pathway which is demonstrated by a pattern of accelerated development after a trauma. Transformation demonstrates developmental improvement following traumatic experiences. Each of these pathways demonstrates a way that the individual is able to sustain positive developmental outcomes despite challenges. Positive…

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