What Are The Three Theories Of Crime

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In the world today crime is a growing enterprise. But the start of this enterprise is unknown. Not only do we not know of its origin, we also do not know why people join into the enterprise. Why are so many people eluded to crime and the criminal life style? Was it just because someone saw an opportunity to harm another and they wanted to, so they decided to take? Is it based on biological or social upbringing? Or is it a lack of self-control one experiences when under pressure? Many theories over the past years have attempted to explain the reasons behind why individuals enter into a life of crime. Research has been done on these theories as well to see how they work when applied to real life. I am going to take three of the many theories of crime and see how these theories of crime compare to one another using the material from Criminological Theory class lecture notes, our book on Criminological Theory, and studies on the different theories. I will also be taking a look at …show more content…
The theories I have chosen are each from different periods of time in the study of criminological theories, one from the classical school era, a theory from the positive school era, and one from the contemporary school era. The theories chosen are Lawreance Cohen and Marcus Felson’s routine activities theory, bio-social expectations, and the theory of self-control by Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi. The first theory to be discussed is Cohen and Felson’s Routine Activities Theory. This theory suggests that crime occurs because three elements are present in time and space. The first element necessary is: a motivated offender, a suitable target, and the absence of a capable guardian.

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