Every organism plays an important role in our life. Just like plants, they have their own identity to help improve our way of living for today and for the future. In the field of medicine, plants can be utilized as sources of pharmaceutical substances.
On the other hand, microorganisms occur almost everywhere in nature and affect the well-being of people in many ways. Different microbial species normally inhabit various parts of our bodies, such as the oral cavity, skin and intestinal tract. They may not all be malignant but some can exhibit deadly effect on our physical bodies.
The worsening cases of malignant microorganisms lead to the discovery of the first antibiotic- penicillin. This has pioneered the development of antibiotic …show more content…
According to Abdul Wadood et. al. (2013), medicinal plants have bioactive compounds which are used for curing of various human diseases and also play an important role in healing. These medicinal plants, due to these bioactive compounds, can have antifungal, antibacterial and anti-inflammation activities.
The phytochemical analysis of the plants is very important commercially and has great interest in pharmaceutical companies for the production of the new drugs for curing of various diseases.
Phytochemicals have two categories i.e., primary and secondary constituents. Primary constituents have chlorophyll, proteins sugar and amino acids. Secondary constituents contain terpenoids and alkaloids. It is estimated that there are up to 4,000 phytochemicals in plants.
Antimicrobial Properties of Phytochemicals Present in Plants:
Studies of Scalon (2007), Djoukeng JD (2005), Mokoka (2013), Mosa (2014) and Evaristo (2014) suggested that triterpenes are important for their antibacterial activity against oral …show more content…
They are the oldest form of life on earth. They are the agents of food spoilage and decomposition of many things. Microbes can foray our bodies and make us ill, trigger respiratory infections and allergies if they grow in our workplaces or homes so that they are not dislodged and they also cause infectious diseases such as flu and measles, and may contribute too many non–infectious chronic diseases such as some forms of cancer and coronary heart disease. Microbes are responsible for more deaths worldwide than any other single cause. The most common groups of microbes that cause illness are bacteria and